Resolving Wave Digital Filters with Multiple/Multiport Nonlinearities

Kurt Werner; Vaibhav Nangia; Julius Smith; Jonathan Abel
DAFx-2015 - Trondheim
We present a novel framework for developing Wave Digital Filter (WDF) models from reference circuits with multiple/multiport nonlinearities. Collecting all nonlinearities into a vector at the root of a WDF tree bypasses the traditional WDF limitation to a single nonlinearity. The resulting system has a complicated scattering relationship between the nonlinearity ports and the ports of the rest of the (linear) circuit, which can be solved by a Modified-NodalAnalysis-derived method. For computability reasons, the scattering and vector nonlinearity must be solved jointly; we suggest a derivative of the K-method. This novel framework significantly expands the class of appropriate WDF reference circuits. A case study on a clipping stage from the Big Muff Pi distortion pedal involves both a transistor and a diode pair. Since it is intractable with standard WDF methods, its successful simulation demonstrates the usefulness of the novel framework.