Download Performance-Driven Control for Sample-Based Singing Voice Synthesis
In this paper we address the expressive control of singing voice synthesis. Singing Voice Synthesizers (SVS) traditionally require two types of inputs: a musical score and lyrics. The musical expression is then typically either generated automatically by applying a model of a certain type of expression to a high-level musical score, or achieved by manually editing low-level synthesizer parameters. We propose an alternative method, where the expression control is derived from a singing performance. In a first step, an analysis module extracts expressive information from the input voice signal, which is then adapted and mapped to the internal synthesizer controls. The presented implementation works in an off-line manner processing user input voice signals and lyrics using a phonetic segmentation module. The main contribution of this approach is to offer a direct way of controlling the expression of SVS. The further step is to run the system in real-time. The last section of this paper addresses a possible strategy for real-time operation.
Download Score level timbre transformations of violin sounds
The ability of a sound synthesizer to provide realistic sounds depends to a great extent on the availability of expressive controls. One of the most important expressive features a user of the synthesizer would desire to have control of, is timbre. Timbre is a complex concept related to many musical indications in a score such as dynamics, accents, hand position, string played, or even indications referring timbre itself. Musical indications are in turn related to low level performance controls such as bow velocity or bow force. With the help of a data acquisition system able to record sound synchronized to performance controls and aligned to the performed score and by means of statistical analysis, we are able to model the interrelations among sound (timbre), controls and musical score indications. In this paper we present a procedure for score-controlled timbre transformations of violin sounds within a sample based synthesizer. Given a sound sample and its trajectory of performance controls: 1) a transformation of the controls trajectory is carried out according to the score indications, 2) a new timbre corresponding to the transformed trajectory is predicted by means of a timbre model that relates timbre with performance controls and 3) the timbre of the original sound is transformed by applying a timevarying filter calculated frame by frame as the difference of the original and predicted envelopes.