Download Resynthesis of coupled piano strings vibrations based on physical modeling
This paper presents a technique to resynthesize the sound generated by the vibrations of two piano strings tuned to a very close pitch and coupled at the bridge level. Such a mechanical system produces doublets of components generating beats and double decays on the amplitudes of the partials of the sound. We design a waveguide model by coupling two elementary waveguide models. This model is able to reproduce perceptually relevant sounds. The parameters of the model are estimated from the analysis of real signals collected directly on the strings by laser velocimetry. Sound transformations can be achieved by modifying relevant parameters and simulate physical situations.
Download Modal analysis of impact sounds with ESPRIT in Gabor transforms
Identifying the acoustical modes of a resonant object can be achieved by expanding a recorded impact sound in a sum of damped sinusoids. High-resolution methods, e.g. the ESPRIT algorithm, can be used, but the time-length of the signal often requires a sub-band decomposition. This ensures, thanks to sub-sampling, that the signal is analysed over a significant duration so that the damping coefficient of each mode is estimated properly, and that no frequency band is neglected. In this article, we show that the ESPRIT algorithm can be efficiently applied in a Gabor transform (similar to a sub-sampled short-time Fourier transform). The combined use of a time-frequency transform and a high-resolution analysis allows selective and sharp analysis over selected areas of the time-frequency plane. Finally, we show that this method produces high-quality resynthesized impact sounds which are perceptually very close to the original sounds.
Download Navigating in a Space of Synthesized Interaction-Sounds: Rubbing, Scratching and Rolling Sounds
In this paper, we investigate a control strategy of synthesized interaction-sounds. The framework of our research is based on the action/object paradigm that considers that sounds result from an action on an object. This paradigm presumes that there exists some sound invariants, i.e. perceptually relevant signal morphologies that carry information about the action or the object. Some of these auditory cues are considered for rubbing, scratching and rolling interactions. A generic sound synthesis model, allowing the production of these three types of interaction together with a control strategy of this model are detailed. The proposed control strategy allows the users to navigate continuously in an ”action space”, and to morph between interactions, e.g. from rubbing to rolling.
Download Controlling a Non Linear Friction Model for Evocative Sound Synthesis Applications
In this paper, a flexible strategy to control a synthesis model of sounds produced by non linear friction phenomena is proposed for guidance or musical purposes. It enables to synthesize different types of sounds, such a creaky door, a singing glass or a squeaking wet plate. This approach is based on the action/object paradigm that enables to propose a synthesis strategy using classical linear filtering techniques (source/resonance approach) which provide an efficient implementation. Within this paradigm, a sound can be considered as the result of an action (e.g. impacting, rubbing, ...) on an object (plate, bowl, ...). However, in the case of non linear friction phenomena, simulating the physical coupling between the action and the object with a completely decoupled source/resonance model is a real and relevant challenge. To meet this challenge, we propose to use a synthesis model of the source that is tuned on recorded sounds according to physical and spectral observations. This model enables to synthesize many types of non linear behaviors. A control strategy of the model is then proposed by defining a flexible physically informed mapping between a descriptor, and the non linear synthesis behavior. Finally, potential applications to the remediation of motor diseases are presented. In all sections, video and audio materials are available at the following URL: thoretDAFx2013/
Download Sound morphologies due to non-linear interactions : towards a perceptive control of environmental sound-synthesis processes
This paper is concerned with perceptual control strategies for physical modeling synthesis of vibrating resonant objects colliding nonlinearly with rigid obstacles. For this purpose, we investigate sound morphologies from samples synthesized using physical modeling for non-linear interactions. As a starting point, we study the effect of linear and non-linear springs and collisions on a single-degreeof-freedom system and on a stiff strings. We then synthesize realistic sounds of a stiff string colliding with a rigid obstacle. Numerical simulations allowed the definition of specific signal patterns characterizing the non linear behavior of the interaction according to the attributes of the obstacle. Finally, a global description of the sound morphology associated with this type of interaction is proposed. This study constitutes a first step towards further perceptual investigations geared towards the development of intuitive synthesis controls.